93rd CEMS Colloquium


Prof. Takasada Shibauchi (The University of Tokyo)


17:30 - 18:30, September 29, 2021 (Wednesday)


Online (Changed from Administrative Headquarters 2F , RIKEN)


Exotic superconducting states in FeSe-based materials


The interplay among magnetism, electronic nematicity, and superconductivity is the key issue in strongly correlated materials including iron-based, cuprate, and heavy-fermion superconductors. Magnetic fluctuations have been widely discussed as a pairing mechanism of unconventional superconductivity, but recent theory predicts that quantum fluctuations of electronic nematicity, which is characterized by rotational symmetry breaking, may also promote high-temperature superconductivity. FeSe-based superconductors are suitable to study this issue [1], because FeSe exhibits a nonmagnetic nematic order that can be suppressed by S or Te substitution for Se. I will review recent studies of FeSe-based superconductors, which show quite exotic superconducting states. In FeSe1-xSx superconductors, the nematic order can be completely suppressed at x=0.17, above which the superconducting properties change drastically with a significantly reduced critical temperature Tc [2,3]. From recent muon spin rotation (µSR) measurements [4], we find evidence for a novel ultranodal pair state with broken time reversal symmetry [5]. In the Te substitution case, however, we find quite different behavior; the suppression of nematic order leads to an enhancement of Tc, which is likely associated with quantum critical fluctuations of nematicity [6].

[1] See, for a review, T. Shibauchi, T. Hanaguri, and Y. Matsuda, J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 89, 102002 (2020).
[2] Y. Sato et al., Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 115, 1227-1231 (2018).
[3] T. Hanaguri et al., Sci. Adv. 4, eaar6419 (2018).
[4] K. Matsuura et al., preprint.
[5] C. Setty, S. Bhattacharyya, Y. Cao, A. Kreisel, and P. J. Hirschfeld, Nat. Commun. 11, 523 (2020).
[6] K. Mukasa et al., Nat. Commun. 12, 381 (2021).


Emergent Phenomena Measurement Research Team
Naoko Mitsuzawa (mnaoko @ riken.jp)