Emergent Phenomena Measurement Research Team

Principal Investigator

PI Name Tetsuo Hanaguri
Degree D.Eng.
Title Team Leader
Brief Resume
1993 D.Eng., Tohoku University
1993 Research Associate, Department of Basic Science, The University of Tokyo
1999 Associate Professor, Department of Advanced Materials Science, The University of Tokyo
2004 Senior Research Scientist, Magnetic Materials Laboratory, RIKEN
2013 Team Leader, Emergent Phenomena Measurement Research Team, Strong Correlation Physics Division, RIKEN Center for Emergent Matter Science (-present)


We experimentally study electronic states related to emergent phenomena in electron systems, such as high-temperature superconductivity and topological quantum phenomena. For this purpose, we use scanning tunneling microscopes working under combined extreme conditions of very low temperatures, high magnetic fields and ultra-high vacuum. Modern scanning-tunneling-microscopy technology enables us to obtain a “map of the electronic state” with atomic-scale spatial resolution. We make and analyze the maps of various materials and establish the relationships between material properties and electronic states. We also pursue the development of novel measurement techniques to discover new emergent phenomena in condensed matter.

Research Fields

Physics, Engineering, Materials Science


Scanning tunneling microscopy
Topological insulators


Direct imaging of massless electrons at the surface of a topological insulator

Topological insulators are a new phase of matter which was discovered recently. Although it is an insulator in the bulk, a topological insulator possesses a metallic surface where electrons lose their mass. The surface state is expected to serve as a base of spintronics application, because spins of massless electrons can be used to handle information. However, the experimental understanding of massless electrons is still elusive.

Using scanning tunneling microscope, our team succeeded in imaging the nano-scale spatial structure of massless electrons at the surface of a topological insulator Bi2Se3. We focus on imaging in a magnetic field, where electrons exhibit cyclotron motion. The center of the cyclotron motion drifts around the charged defect, resulting in an “electron ring”. We found that the unique character of massless electrons manifests itself in the internal structure of the electron ring. The observed internal structure is related to the spin distribution and will give us an important clue for future spintronics applications.

“Electron rings” at different energies.


Tetsuo Hanaguri

Team Leader hanaguri[at]riken.jp

Tadashi Machida

Senior Research Scientist

Christopher John Butler

Senior Research Scientist

Masahiro Naritsuka

Special Postdoctoral Researcher

Katsuki Nihongi

Special Postdoctoral Researcher


  1. C. J. Butler, M. Yoshida, T. Hanaguri, and Y. Iwasa

    Behavior under magnetic field of resonance at the edge of the upper Hubbard band in 1T-TaS2

    Phys. Rev. B 107, L161107 (2023)
  2. C. J. Butler, Y. Kohsaka, Y. Yamakawa, M. S. Bahramy, S. Onari, H. Kontani, T. Hanaguri, and S. Shamoto

    Correlation-driven electronic nematicity in the Dirac semimetal BaNiS2

    Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 119, e2212730119 (2022)
  3. T. Machida, Y. Nagai, and T. Hanaguri,

    Zeeman effects on Yu-Shiba-Rusinov states

    Phys. Rev. Research 4, 033182 (2022)
  4. T. Machida, Y. Yoshimura, T. Nakamura, Y. Kohsaka, T. Hanaguri, C.-R. Hsing, C.-M. Wei, Y. Hasegawa, S. Hasegawa, and A. Takayama

    Superconductivity near the saddle point in the two-dimensional Rashba system Si(111)-√3 × √3-(Tl, Pb)

    Phys. Rev. B 105, 064507 (2022)
  5. S. Kasahara, H. Suzuki, T. Machida, Y. Sato, Y. Ukai, H. Murayama, S. Suetsugu, Y. Kasahara, T. Shibauchi, T. Hanaguri, and Y. Matsuda

    Quasiparticle Nodal Plane in the Fulde-Ferrell-Larkin-Ovchinnikov State of FeSe

    Phys. Rev. Lett. 127, 257001 (2021)