Emergent Supramolecular Materials Research Team

Principal Investigator

PI Name Yong-Jin Pu
Degree D.Eng.
Title Team Leader
Brief Resume
2002 D. Eng., Waseda University
2002 Research associate, Waseda University
2004 JSPS Postdoctoral Fellowship for Research Abroad
2006 Research associate, Yamagata University
2010 Associate Professor, Yamagata University
2013 PRESTO Researcher, Japan Science and Technology Agency
2017 Team Leader, Emergent Supramolecular Materials Research Team, Supramolecular Chemistry Division, RIKEN Center for Emergent Matter Science (-present)


We precisely control the energy levels, interstate transition rate, luminescence efficiency, spin multiplicity etc. of organic/inorganic semiconductors and nanoparticles by their dynamic and static molecular structure, shape/size, chemical composition, and assembly pattern, for creating innovative energy-related technologies.

Research Fields

Chemistry, Materials Science


Excited State
Interstate Transition
Organic Semiconductor
Semiconductor Nanoparticle
Colloidal Quantum Dot


Simple cubic self-assembly of colloidal quantum dots

Colloidal quantum dots (QDs) have attracted substantial attention due to their characteristic optoelectronic properties based on their size confinement effects. They are also known to form highly ordered superlattices in the self-assembled solid state. The geometry of such self-assembled QDs has been explored theoretically and experimentally in order to better understand the ensemble effects on their optical and electrical properties, especially with regard to solid-state device applications. We achieved the selective control of the geometry of colloidal quasi-spherical PbS QDs in highly-ordered two and three dimensional superlattices: Disordered, simple cubic (sc), and face-centered cubic (fcc). Gel permeation chromatography (GPC), not based on size-exclusion effects, was developed to quantitatively and continuously control the ligand coverage of PbS QDs. This selective formation of different geometric superlattices based on GPC promises applications of such colloidal quasi-spherical QDs in high-performance optoelectronic devices.


3D self-assembly supercrystals of PbS colloidal quantum dots with simple cubic (sc) structure


One dimensional self-assembly of colloidal quantum dots

Colloidal quantum dots (QDs) in assembled state are expected to exhibit unique photoelectronic properties that single QD does not exhibit. Two or three dimensionally ordered assembly of the QDs have been reported so far. However, the QD has almost isotropic spherical shape, and therefore, it is extremely difficult to achieve one dimensional self-assembly of the QDs.

We achieved the 1D self-assembly of colloidal QDs on PbSO4 nanoribbons by a selective adsorption process in hydrophobic media. The assembly pattern was either a straight line or two straight lines, and these patterns were selectively controlled. The densely packed 1D self-assembly of colloidal QDs into a straight line pattern, without the use of a molecular bridge or adhesive would be fascinating for realizing quantum resonance 1D QD structures


One-dimensionally self-assembled colloidal QDs: left) PbS QDs (9.3 nm) and right) CdS QDs (4.0 nm).


Molecules creating two electron-hole pairs from one photon

Singlet fission is one of multiexciton generation processes that one singlet exciton converts into two triplet excitons through an intermediate of two neighboring molecules. If the generated triplet excitons can dissociate into free charges at the donor/acceptor interface, it may provide a way to dramatically improve photon-electron conversion efficiency of photovoltaics. Singlet fission requires molecules to satisfy the energy condition of E(S1) ≥ 2 E(T1) and dense molecular packing, and those molecules have been limited to polycyclic π-conjugated compounds such as pentacene and tetracene.

We developed the thienoquinoid-based non-polycyclic singlet fission molecules by the modulation of the biradicaloid character of the molecules and the consequent controlling E(T1) of the molecules. The photocurrent response of thienoquinoid-based devices is largely dependent on LUMO level of an acceptor, and it was demonstrated that the triplet excitons dissociated into charges. We believe that these singlet fission molecules represent a new expansion for the molecular design of multiexciton generation materials and will lead to development of novel photon-electron conversion devices based on management of excited state and spin multiplicity.


A thienoquinoid-based singlet fission molecule and photocurrent spectra (left) and energy diagram of singlet fission and charge separation of triplet excitons.


Yong-Jin Pu

Team Leader

Kazushi Enomoto

Research Scientist

Ryutaro Komatsu

Research Scientist

Retno Miranti

Special Postdoctoral Researcher retno.miranti[at]riken.jp


  1. N. Aizawa, Y.-J. Pu, Y. Harabuchi, A. Nihonyanagi, R. Ibuka, H. Inuzuka, B. Dhara, Y. Koyama, K.-i. Nakayama, S. Maeda, F. Araoka, and D. Miyajima

    Delayed fluorescence from inverted singlet and triplet excited states

    Nature 609, 502–506 (2022)
  2. J. J. Liu, K. Enomoto, K. Takeda, D. Inoue and Y. J. Pu

    Simple cubic self-assembly of PbS quantum dots by finely controlled ligand removal through gel permeation chromatography

    Chem. Sci. 12, 10354-10361 (2021)
  3. T. Lee, K. Enomoto, K. Ohshiro, D. Inoue, T. Kikitsu, H.-D. Kim, Y.-J. Pu, D. Kim

    Controlling the dimension of the quantum resonance in CdTe quantum dot superlattices fabricated via layer-by-layer assembly

    Nat. Commun. 11, 5471 (2020)
  4. N. Aizawa, Y. Harabuchi, S. Maeda, and Y.-J. Pu

    Kinetic prediction of reverse intersystem crossing in organic donor-acceptor molecules

    Nat. Commun. 11, 3909 (2020)
  5. K. Enomoto, D. Inoue, and Y. J. Pu

    Controllable 1D Patterned Assembly of Colloidal Quantum Dots on PbSO4 Nanoribbons

    Adv. Funct. Mater. 29, 1905175 (2019)



2-1 Hirosawa, Wako, Saitama 351-0198 Japan